The prostate is a gland that is responsible for the production of secretions that make up 30% of the seminal fluid. It ensures the mobility of sperm and their release during ejaculation. In addition, the secret produced by the prostate gland is a breeding ground for the germ cells. It also contains a large amount of immunoglobulin, which performs a protective function and prevents the development of inflammatory processes in the testicles, bladder, and kidneys.
The inflammation that occurs in this important organ for men disrupts its functioning, which affects the quality of sperm, and, consequently, causes infertility.
The lack of adequate and timely treatment leads to the development of fibrotic changes and the formation of stones in the prostate gland.
According to medical statistics, prostatitis is the most common urological disease that can develop in men at any age. However, the risk group includes people from 30 to 40 years old. In addition, favorable conditions for the development of the disease are:
In addition, bad habits and poor nutrition create the ground for the development of prostatitis.
The disease has a chronic and acute course. The latter, in turn, is divided into catarrhal, follicular and parenchymal varieties.
There is another method of classification of prostatitis, which is based on the path of infection.
So, in the ascending form, pathogenic microorganisms enter the prostate gland from the urethra during unprotected sex or due to insufficient personal hygiene.
Descending prostatitis develops when the inflammation spreads from other organs of the genitourinary system.
The lymphogenic form is rare. Pathogenic microbes are carried by lymph from distant inflamed organs.
Depending on the form of the course of the disease, the clinical picture differs.
Typical symptoms for acute prostatitis are:
In addition, patients experience irritability and psychoemotional discomfort, disturbed sleep, heart palpitations.
The chronic course has less pronounced symptoms. Pain and burning sensation at the time of emptying the bladder are insignificant. Patients experience a decrease in sexual desire, erections at night become frequent, and orgasms are blurred or completely absent.
There are moderate pains in the groin, which are given to the lower back and perineum.
Patients experience constant fatigue and lethargy, and the erection time is noticeably reduced.
Moreover, the reason for contacting a urologist may even be the manifestation of one of the above signs.
The fact is that the symptoms can occur in such a weak form that the patient does not notice them or does not betray the importance of discomfort. Meanwhile, the disease is detected when patients go to the doctor with complaints about the inability to conceive a child. A common cause of male infertility is a neglected inflammation of the prostate gland, which has to be treated for a long time. Sometimes therapy is delayed for months. The use of strong antibiotics is required.
Most often, prostatitis develops due to the penetration of pathogenic microbes – gonococci, chlamydia, escherichia coli, mycoplasma and ureaplasma.
Favorable factors for the development of prostatitis can be:
In addition, inflammation of the prostate gland often develops due to the presence of other urological diseases.
Inflammation of the prostate gland, the treatment of which is possible only after a thorough examination of the patient, is carried out in private and public clinics.
Before choosing the tactics of therapy, the doctor collects anamnesis. The clinician asks about the patient's complaints, finds out when the first signs of inflammation appeared, what is the intensity of their severity. This allows you to determine whether prostatitis occurs in an acute or chronic form.
Next, the doctor examines the patient's medical history to identify possible causes.
The initial appointment is completed by an examination of the patient. To do this, rectal palpation of the prostate gland is performed.
It is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis without conducting laboratory tests, which include:
Sometimes a spermogram is performed. It allows you to confirm or deny the diagnosis of infertility.
The patient is sent for ultrasound to visualize the organ and exclude the presence of adenoma or tuberculosis of the prostate. In some cases, an ultrasound examination is not enough, then a computer or magnetic resonance imaging is performed.
According to the data obtained, the doctor makes a diagnosis and selects a treatment strategy.
Therapy consists in eliminating the causes that caused the inflammation, so antibiotics are prescribed if the disease is infectious in nature. For the correct selection of drugs, a laboratory culture of urine and a smear from the urethra is carried out to determine the causative agent of the infection.
In addition, it is necessary to remove symptoms with painkillers, and vitamins are prescribed to increase the body's resistance.
Along with medical treatment, local therapy is carried out - microclysms are placed, candles are prescribed, and acupuncture is performed. The complex of activities includes gymnastics, water treatments, as well as rectal massage of the prostate gland. The latter has an effective effect, since it restores the patency of the ducts disturbed by the inflammatory process, eliminates congestion, and also increases the effect of the medications used.
However, for the massage has a number of contraindications that must be taken into account.
In addition, the gland can be affected by ultrasound, magnetic field, pulsed currents or other types of radiation. Therefore, physiotherapy measures are often included in the complex of the treatment program.
Since the chronic form of prostatitis proceeds without pronounced symptoms, it is difficult for patients to independently understand that the gland is inflamed and requires medical intervention. Therefore, urologists recommend that you annually undergo a doctor's examination, pass urine tests and conduct an ultrasound examination.
A preventive visit to a urologist is also recommended for all men over the age of 40, even in the absence of alarming symptoms.
This will allow timely detection of prostatitis, adenoma and other urological diseases.
The risk group includes people working in the open air and fans of extreme sports, fishing and hunting, since one of the causes of prostate inflammation is frequent hypothermia of the body. Therefore, people who are fond of active recreation should pay attention to their health and regularly undergo an examination by a urologist.
An important component of the prevention of prostatitis is a diet that excludes the intake of fatty foods and alcoholic beverages. It is necessary to understand that you should refrain not only from strong alcohol, but also from beer, which has a detrimental effect on the work of all organs of the urinary system.
Useful products for the prostate are pumpkin seeds, walnuts, honey.
Since the cause of inflammation can be stagnant phenomena, it is necessary to perform such physical exercises as foot swings, squats, lifting the pelvis from the supine position. Excellent prevention of prostate diseases will be swimming, brisk walking, light running, ice skating, skiing and cycling.
To prevent the development of inflammation, you need to follow the rules of personal hygiene, do not start promiscuous sexual relations, have sex with condoms.
In addition, you should dress according to the weather, in winter it is recommended to wear warm underwear and waterproof shoes with fur.
If possible, it is necessary to reduce the psychological burden. To cope with stressful situations will help hiking in the fresh air, sports, proper sleep and wake mode.